Bid adjustments

Bid adjustments allow advertisers to raise or lower bids for specific ad serving criteria. You can use coefficients to adjust bids. The coefficient is the percentage by which you want to change the bid.

Video tutorial. Bid adjustments for retargeting

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How bid adjustments work

Use bid adjustments to increase or decrease the bid depending on user characteristics, ad format, and other criteria.

Here are the ways you can adjust bids:

  • Target audience — increase or decrease for an audience that matches certain retargeting list conditions. For example, when ads are served to users who have already ordered products from your site, the bid is automatically adjusted by the percentage you have set.
  • Mobile — increase or decrease for ads on mobile phones and smartphones.
  • Gender and age — increase or decrease for an audience of a particular gender or age.
  • Video extensions — increase or decrease for video extensions.
  • Devices — increase or decrease for different types of devices. Available only for banner display campaigns.
  • Inventory — increase or decrease for different types of display advertising. Available only for display campaigns.
  • Weather — increase or decrease depending on weather conditions.
  • Traffic — decrease or increase for different traffic levels.

You can adjust bids for a particular campaign or ad group. If you use the same type of bid adjustment on the level of both a campaign and an ad group within it, then the group-level adjustment will be used.

If you don't want to apply bid adjustments to a certain ad group within a campaign, set the coefficient for that group to zero.

For example, let's say you set the coefficient to “increase by 40%” for a particular campaign, but don't want this coefficient to apply to a particular ad group. For that group, you would set the coefficient to “0%”.

When you use automatic strategies, Yandex.Direct factors in bid adjustments and does not exceed the limits you set for your weekly budget or average CPC. If you set a maximum bid for a strategy, the actual bid will not exceed the adjusted maximum.

For example, you're using an automatic strategy. Your maximum bid is set at 2 TL per click and your coefficient for mobile impressions is set to “increase by 100%” (so that the adjusted bid will be 4 TL). In this case, impressions on mobile devices will be served at the 4 TL bid rate.

Using multiple adjustments

You can apply several adjustments to a given bid (for mobile impressions, by gender and age, by display region, by time of day, and others). Adjustments are applied in succession (they are not added together).

The table shows an example of how the bid is calculated if the bid on a display condition is 1.5 liras and the bid adjustment is the following:
  • For men ages 18-24 — “decrease by 40%”, in other words 100% – 40% = 60% of the bid (the bid × 0.6).
  • For women ages 25-34 — “increase by 60%”, in other words 100% + 60% = 160% of the bid (the bid × 1.6)
  • For mobile impressions — “increase by 30%”, in other words 100% + 30% = 130% of the bid (the bid × 1.3)
  • For Ankara — “increase by 200%”, in other words 100% + 200% = 300% of the bid (the bid × 3).
User data Gender and age Mobile Display region Bid
Men ages 18-24 Women ages 25-34 Ankara
Male 18-24 years old + Desktop + Ankara

1.5 × 0.6 × 3 = 2.7 TL
Female 18-24 years old + Desktop + Istanbul 1.5 TL
Female 25-34 years old + Mobile + Ankara 1.5 × 1.6 × 1.3 × 3 = 9.36 TL
Note.

The adjusted bid cannot be less than the minimum value for your currency.

Add bid adjustments and coefficients

To add a bid adjustment, go to the ad group editing page or campaign settings page, the Bid adjustments section.

Click on the name of a bid adjustment to read more about it:

You can set bid adjustments for specific retargeting lists.

For example, let's say some users on your site put items in their shopping carts but did not end up purchasing them. You can add an adjustment based on the “Put items in their baskets” condition and set a raised coefficient. This way you'll increase the probability of reaching an audience that's interested in your product.

You can set up a retargeting list on the page where you edit ad groups in Retargeting & Audiences.

Select a retargeting list and set a coefficient. To add a bid adjustment, click New adjustment (maximum of 100 adjustments total). You can assign the same coefficient for all adjustments in the Bid field above the adjustment list.



The bid adjustment can range from -100% (i.e. impressions are turned off) to +1200% of the bid.

For example, if a keyword is assigned a bid of 4 TL and the adjustment is set to increase by 1000%, the actual bid is 44 TL.

Please note that sometimes users may be served ads based on retargeting lists that you disabled using bid adjustments (i.e. you set a "decrease by 100%" coefficient).

You can experiment with bid adjustments in order to get the desired number of click-throughs from mobile phones and smartphones. You can't completely disable impressions on any particular type of device.

Adjustments can range from minus 50% to plus 1200% of the bid.

For example, if a keyword is assigned a bid of 4 TL and the adjustment is set to increase by 1000%, the actual bid is 44 TL.

The bid adjustment depends on the device type. Even if the user is on the regular version of Yandex on their mobile phone, the mobile bid rate will apply for impressions. For click-throughs from tablets, the computer bid rate applies.

In order to disable the adjustment, delete the coefficient.

If your target audience consists of users of one gender or age group, then you should use bid adjustments that match these characteristics. You can use cross-sections of gender and age statistics found in Report Wizard, as well as demographic reports from Yandex.Metrica to help determine your audience makeup.

For instance, let's say that almost all customers who buy cosmetics from your online store are women around 30 years of age. You can set your gender and age criteria and apply a bid adjustment to “increase by 120%” in order to ensure that your ads display more frequently in favorable positions to women ages 25-34.

Choose your target gender and age and set the adjustment percentage. To add a bid adjustment, click New adjustment (maximum of 12 adjustments total). You can assign the same coefficient for all adjustments in the Bid field above the adjustment list.

Note.

The All field includes men, women, and users whose gender could not be determined. The Any field includes users of all ages including those whose age could not be determined.



The bid adjustment can range from minus 100% (in this case, impressions are turned off) to plus 1200% of the bid.

For example, if a keyword is assigned a bid of 4 TL and the adjustment is set to increase by 1000%, the actual bid is 44 TL.

Please note that ads may sometimes be served to those users that you have excluded through adjustments for age and gender.

You can experiment with bid adjustments in order to get the desired number of click-throughs from video extensions. It is not possible to completely disable impressions for video extensions.

Adjustments can range from minus 50% to plus 1200% of the bid.

For example, if a keyword is assigned a bid of 4 TL and the adjustment is set to increase by 1000%, the actual bid is 44 TL.

To disable bid adjustments, enter a value of “0%” or delete the value.

You can set bid adjustments for impressions on different types of devices. To find out which devices users are on when they engage with your ads or open your site, use the Device type segment in Report Wizard and the “Technologies — Devices” report in Yandex.Metrica.

Bid adjustments for display campaigns allow you to increase or decrease the bid for impressions on
  • smartphones — only on iOS, only on Android, or on all smartphones (iOS, Android, Windows, and others).
  • other devices — this includes desktop computers and laptops, tablets, Smart TVs, and other devices.

The bid adjustment can range from minus 100% (in this case, impressions are turned off) to plus 1200% of the bid. However, you can't decrease the bid by 100% for all types of devices at once.

For example, if a keyword is assigned a bid of 4 TL and the adjustment is set to increase by 1000%, the actual bid is 44 TL.

To disable a bid adjustment, delete it or set its value to “0%”.

Note.

The adjusted bid cannot be less than the minimum value for your currency.

You can set bid adjustments for certain types of inventory in your display campaigns. Bid adjustments allow you to increase or decrease the bid for impressions of:

  • Image and HTML5 banners of all sizes.
  • Instream web video ads which are embedded in the video stream and played back before, after, or in the middle of the main video.
  • Inpage video ads embedded on website pages.
  • Interstitial video ads played back in mobile apps before loading or changing content.
  • In-banner videos, which are embedded in a banner within the app.
  • Rewarded videos, which are usually shown in game apps. The user receives an award or in-game currency for viewing these videos.

The bid adjustment can range from -100% (i.e. impressions are turned off) to +1200% of the bid. However, you can't decrease the bid by 100% for all types of inventory at once.

For example, if a keyword is assigned a bid of 4 TL and the adjustment is set to increase by 1000%, the actual bid is 44 TL.

To disable bid adjustments, enter a value of “0%” or delete the value.

Note.

The adjusted bid cannot be less than the minimum value for your currency.

More information about bid adjustments by inventory type.

You can set the bid adjustments based on weather conditions, such as air temperature, precipitation intensity, and cloud cover.

For example, you can use weather adjustments to:
  • increase the bid on ads for food delivery when it rains or snows.
  • Advertise garden furniture only when it's sunny and warm.
  • Add creatives for different products and use them depending on the weather: advertise winter clothing when it's cold and snowy, and lightweight clothing when it's warm and sunny.

Adjustments use data from Yandex.Weather with granularity down to the hour and are applied based on the user's region. They are available at the ad group level for display banners, video ads, outdoor ads, Text & Image ads, and image ads.

You can specify whether all the criteria or just one of them must be met. If multiple adjustments can apply, the adjustment with the maximum bid change is selected.

The bid adjustment can range from -100% (i.e. impressions are turned off) to +1200% of the bid.

For example, if a keyword is assigned a bid of 4 TL and the adjustment is set to increase by 1000%, the actual bid is 44 TL.

For outdoor advertising, you can configure bid adjustments based on the traffic conditions in front of the ad surface. For example, you can use traffic-based adjustments to display creatives with text when the driver has time to read them.

Yandex.Direct uses Yandex.Maps to get data on traffic conditions in front of the advertising surface. Only the traffic segment with vehicles moving towards the advertising surface is taken into account.

Adjustments are available at the ad group level. To specify an overall adjustment for several selected traffic conditions, enter the adjustment type and coefficient in the Bid field.

The bid adjustment can range from -100% (i.e. impressions are turned off) to +1200% of the bid.